Léonide Moguy (14 July 1899 – 21 April 1976) was a Russian born French film director, screenwriter and film editor .
Moguy was born Leonid Mogilevsky (Леонид Могилевский) in Russia in 1899. He lived in Russia until 1928, in the United States in the 1940s, and in Italy from 1949 until his death. He was active in film between 1936 and 1961. His work has influenced American director Quentin Tarantino, who discovered him while writing the script for Inglourious Basterds, and named a character after him in Django Unchained.
He was born in Leningrad and worked on technical films for the Soviet government. In 1928 he organised the Scientific and Experimental Film Laboratory in which many Soviet directors took part.
He moved to France and developed a reputation as a "play doctor" of films. He started directing and had a hit with 40 Little Mothers.